The mine action sector has evolved dramatically since the late 1980s when humanitarian clearance efforts began inAfghanistan and a nascent advocacy movement to ban these indiscriminate weapons started to start to take root. Since then, the world has seen significant changes to international law, technological advances, and the emergence of an entirely new professional sector at the nexus of humanitarian, development and peace, replete with its own complex apparatus, standards and norms.
Yet two factors have barely changed over these same decades. First, there are simply never enough resources to adequately protect civilians from the humanitarian impact of explosive ordnance, and certainly not as quickly as the local population requires. Even the best resourced programmes take years to meet all national priorities and the requirements of international treaties.