Global Context of Landmines and Demining Efforts in Colombia

In 2005 the U.N. instituted the first International Landmine Awareness Day, calling for joint action by states to encourage demining activities in countries where landmines pose a serious threat to the safety, health and life of civilian populations. Even though landmines as military weapons are banned or discouraged by different international agreements, many countries still experience hundreds of civilian deaths caused by landmines.

Despite worldwide efforts to reduce the scourge of landmines, they remain a daily threat in more than 60 countries. The most prominent global demining effort came in the form of the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction. The treaty obligated signatories to stop the use of landmines outside of exceptional cases and to work to destroy all antipersonnel landmines. As of 2021, there are 164 parties, or states who accept and chose to adhere to the treaty, to the 1997 Convention.

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Source: BORGEN Magazine