The threat of Wilayat al Sinai in Egypt

The Sinai Peninsula is a strategically and economically significant region of Egypt, which is bordered by the Gaza Strip, Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Mediterranean Sea, and – most importantly – the Suez Canal, where 8% of global trade transits occur, including 3% of global oil supplies.

The insurgency in the Sinai region, which is ongoing since 2011, intensified in 2013 following the military toppling of the Morsi government. The insurgency in the region therefore represents an economic, as much as a security threat, as the government aims to stabilise the Suez Canal region for industrial development, and consequently provide jobs amid an economic downturn worsened by the Covid-19 outbreak.

The Sinai region is threatened by an ISIS-affiliated insurgency that has been ongoing since the Arab Spring in 2011 and picked up in intensity after the 2013 ouster of former Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. The Egyptian military has for years been waging a bloody insurgency against Islamist militants in Egypt.

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Source: New Delhi Times