Since the start of 2019, more than 1,000 civilians have been killed in and around eastern Congo’s Beni region. These atrocities — which U.N. monitors have said may be war crimes — are the latest in periodic waves of massacres in the area since late 2014.
This violence followed the start of a large-scale Congolese army offensive against the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), an Islamist rebel group originally from Uganda that has been active in Congo since 1995. As the Congolese army overran rebel camps and killed and captured dozens of combatants late last year, attacks on civilians rose in nearby areas.
The Congolese government, the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Congo, and national and international media have placed the blame almost entirely on ADF. Indeed, the rebel group seems to have carried out a substantial proportion of the attacks for strategic or retaliatory reasons.
Source: The Washington Post